Coastal lagoon sediments provide continuous and high-resolution records of the activity of past typhoons. In this study, multiple proxies were analyzed with a core taken from Pinqing Lagoon located on the northeast margin of the South China Sea. Based on Pb-210 dating, grain sizes and other geophysical/geochemical analyses, a total of seven typhoon-induced layers covering the past similar to 170 years were identified and compared with observational and historical records of typhoons. The layers were characterized by a higher sand fraction, lower loss-on-ignition, decreased magnetic susceptibility, and increased element ratios of Sr/Fe, Sr/Ba, Ca/Ti, and Ca/K. We found reduced sensitivity of the sedimentary response to typhoons due to the coastal geomorphological evolution, such as sand spit growth, which emphasizes the value of using a multiple-proxy approach. The typhoon activity revealed by both sedimentary proxies and observational/historical records in Shanwei was closely related to the variations of the El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), and to sunspot activity, providing useful clues for reconstructing the long-term typhoon history in the lagoon in order to decipher the patterns and mechanisms of typhoons in South China. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.