Comparison of homogeneity tests for temperature using a simulation study

Yozgatlıgil C., Yazıcı C.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, vol.36, no.1, pp.62-81, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/joc.4329
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.62-81
  • Keywords: time series data, absolute homogeneity tests, relative homogeneity tests, unit root tests, stationarity tests, structural break tests, CHANGE-POINT PROBLEMS, CLIMATOLOGICAL TIME-SERIES, CLIMATE DATA SERIES, MAXIMAL T-TEST, PRECIPITATION SERIES, CHANGEPOINT DETECTION, BAYESIAN-ANALYSIS, DATA SET, F-TEST, HOMOGENIZATION
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Homogeneity testing is one of the most important analyses in climate-related studies as it underpins the reliability of any inferences. The effects not directly related with climate are identified and removed from the meteorological variables, and then the obtained homogeneous variables are used to present an enhanced picture of the current situation and produce realistic forecasts based upon the variables. In this study, we investigate the performances of well-known homogeneity tests and introduce some tests that are not usually used for testing homogeneity via Monte Carlo simulation. We generate data using a normally distributed temperature variable. We consider both absolute and relative homogeneity tests (RHTest). Although relative tests are the best performing homogeneity tests, their results highly depend on the quality of the reference series. Consequently, they have to be used with at least one of the absolute tests in order to detect possible inhomogeneities in the reference series. Our results show that the relative tests which are standard normal homogeneity test, F-test for structural breaks with reference series, multiple change point detection method, namely and the RHTest have the best detection rates whereas the absolute tests, namely, Kruskal-Wallis, Pettitt and Friedman tests have the worst performances. The best performing absolute test is F-test for structural breaks.