Privatization of Security as a State-Led and Class-Driven Process: The Case of Turkey

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Dolek C.

SCIENCE & SOCIETY, vol.79, no.3, pp.414-441, 2015 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 79 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1521/siso.2015.79.3.414
  • Journal Name: SCIENCE & SOCIETY
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.414-441
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: No


Private security has become a central form of everyday policing in the Southern and Northern countries alike, and has thereby redefined the modern conception of security, conventionally understood as the exclusive domain of the state. The relevant academic literature has seemed to problematize the issue either as a facet of the erosion of state monopoly of violence or as a dispersion of neoliberal governmentality. These positions - neo-Weberian and neo-Foucauldian, respectively - fail to grasp both the role of the capitalist state in the privatization of security and its class character. The Turkish case is quite telling about the constitutive role of the state in this process, which has been a class-driven project, reflecting contested class relations, from the 1960s to the 2000s.