The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of adult attachment styles and gender in predicting marital adjustment of married individuals. Measures of adult attachment and marital adjustment were administered to 204 ( 134 female, 70 male) married people. Using multiple linear regression analysis, it was found that avoidance and gender were significant predictors of marital adjustment. The findings were discussed in the light of literature. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.