Halil Kut - "the last Ottoman Pasha'

Wasti S. T.

MIDDLE EASTERN STUDIES, vol.53, no.5, pp.820-833, 2017 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00263206.2017.1306778
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.820-833
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The siege of British Indian forces by the Ottoman Army at Kut-al-Amara n Iraq during the First World War, which ended on 29 April 1916 with the surrender of the garrison under the command of Major General Sir Charles Townshend, was an important mltary defeat for Great Britain. The article provides supplementary information on aspects of the 147day long siege and surrender, based mainly on the memoirs of the Turkish General H. K. Pasha, whose forces took well over 10,000 British Indian officers and men into custody at Kut-al-Amara.