Loop Representation of Wigner's Little Groups


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Baskal S., Kim Y. S. , Noz M. E.

SYMMETRY-BASEL, cilt.9, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 9 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3390/sym9070097
  • Dergi Adı: SYMMETRY-BASEL

Özet

Wigner's little groups are the subgroups of the Lorentz group whose transformations leave the momentum of a given particle invariant. They thus define the internal space-time symmetries of relativistic particles. These symmetries take different mathematical forms for massive and for massless particles. However, it is shown possible to construct one unified representation using a graphical description. This graphical approach allows us to describe vividly parity, time reversal, and charge conjugation of the internal symmetry groups. As for the language of group theory, the two-by-two representation is used throughout the paper. While this two-by-two representation is for spin-1/2 particles, it is shown possible to construct the representations for spin-0 particles, spin-1 particles, as well as for higher-spin particles, for both massive and massless cases. It is shown also that the four-by-four Dirac matrices constitute a two-by-two representation of Wigner's little group.