What Determines Posttraumatic Stress and Growth Following Various Traumatic Events? A Study in a Turkish Community Sample


Gul E., KARANCI A. N.

JOURNAL OF TRAUMATIC STRESS, cilt.30, ss.54-62, 2017 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 30 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/jts.22161
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF TRAUMATIC STRESS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.54-62

Özet

This study aimed to examine the roles of personality traits, traumatic event types, coping, rumination, and social support in explaining posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in a representative community sample of 498 Turkish adults. The results of 2 multiple regression analyses showed that PTS was associated with neuroticism, experiencing events involving intentional/ assaultive violence, intrusive and deliberate rumination, and fatalistic coping. In contrast, PTG was related to conscientiousness, openness to experience, injury/shocking and sudden-death type of events, deliberate rumination, problem-solving coping, and perceived social support. When all variables were entered into the equation, almost two thirds of the variability (R2 =.64) in the severity of PTS and more than one third of the variability (R-2 =.40) in PTG was explained. The findings can aid in the development of psychosocial support programs for individuals experiencing traumatic events.