Design, Simulation, and Fabrication of a Novel Type of Inkjet-Printed Pixel Antennas

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Guler S., Karaosmanoglu B., Ergul O.

PROGRESS IN ELECTROMAGNETICS RESEARCH LETTERS, vol.64, pp.51-55, 2016 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.2528/pierl16081602
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.51-55


We present a novel type of pixel antennas that are suitable for fabrication in low-cost setups based on commercial inkjet printers. The proposed antennas involve hexagonal cells that can be removed in accordance with rigorous optimizations via genetic algorithms that are supported by full-wave solutions with the multilevel fast multipole algorithm. Optimal pixel configurations are determined precisely for desired electrical characteristics, such as low power-reflection values at required frequencies. Measurements on fabricated samples demonstrate the effectiveness of the optimizations, as well as the favorable characteristics of the hexagonal-cell pixel antennas that fully benefit from the advantages of low-cost inkjet printing.