Adaptive usage of the butterworth digital filter

Erer K. S.

JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, vol.40, no.13, pp.2934-2943, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 13
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2007.02.019
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.2934-2943
  • Keywords: smoothing, butterworth filter, nonstationary signals, KINEMATIC SIGNALS, CUTOFF FREQUENCY, IMPACTS


The Butterworth lowpass filter is a conventional tool that has been commonly used in gait analysis applications. Its operation mainly depends on the selection of the cut-off frequency, which must be done based on the condition of the raw signal assuming that it is stationary. This tool is unable to deal with nonstationary signals especially if impact is involved. In this paper, a modified version of the Butterworth filter that can handle nonstationary signals is presented. The new filter has a variable cut-off frequency distribution defined for each data point, which is determined by local signal characteristics. Because of its adaptive nature, it is possible for the filter to accommodate changes in the frequency content of the signal. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.