Dissociation of carbon dioxide using a microhollow cathode discharge plasma reactor: effects of applied voltage, flow rate and concentration


Taylan O. , Berberoglu H.

PLASMA SOURCES SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, vol.24, no.1, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/0963-0252/24/1/015006
  • Title of Journal : PLASMA SOURCES SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
  • Keywords: microhollow cathode discharge, non-thermal plasma, carbon dioxide, gas dissociation, ATMOSPHERIC-PRESSURE, NONTHERMAL PLASMA, CO2, MICROPLASMAS

Abstract

This paper reports an experimental study on dissociating carbon dioxide (CO2) using a microhollow cathode discharge (MHCD) plasma reactor operated at 1 atm. The MHCD plasma reactors can be a promising technology for dissociating gases, including CO2, as they do not require catalysts, they operate at around room temperature, and can be inexpensively built and operated. In this study, CO2 balanced with the carrier gas argon (Ar) was fed through the MHCD reactor, and parametric experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of applied voltage, flow rate, and CO2 mole fraction in the influent on the composition of the products, energy conversion efficiency, and yield. Within the investigated parameter ranges, the maximum energy conversion efficiency of 14% was achieved when the specific energy input was 1.1 eV mol(-1), whereas the maximum CO yield of 10.5% was achieved when the specific energy input was 4 eV mol(-1). The results also showed that diluting CO2 with Ar increased the yield at an expense of a decrease in energy conversion efficiency. The results of this study provide insights for operating MHCD reactors for efficient gas dissociation at atmospheric pressure.