Energy and energy utilization in Turkey during 1995

Ileri A., Gurer T.

ENERGY, cilt.23, ss.1099-1106, 1998 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


Energy and exergy utilization in Turkey have been analysed. We have evaluated the conversion sector and end uses for transportation, industrial, residential and commercial applications. Energy efficiencies are about 15% for transportation, 45% for thermal and hydropower plants, 55% for residential and commercial uses and 58% for industrial applications. The exergy efficiencies are about 6% for residential and commercial uses, 15% for transportation, 33% for industrial applications and 45% for the utility sector. Overall averages are 35% for energy and 13% for exergy utilization. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.