Energy and energy utilization in Turkey during 1995

Ileri A., Gurer T.

ENERGY, vol.23, no.12, pp.1099-1106, 1998 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0360-5442(98)00063-2
  • Journal Name: ENERGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1099-1106
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: No


Energy and exergy utilization in Turkey have been analysed. We have evaluated the conversion sector and end uses for transportation, industrial, residential and commercial applications. Energy efficiencies are about 15% for transportation, 45% for thermal and hydropower plants, 55% for residential and commercial uses and 58% for industrial applications. The exergy efficiencies are about 6% for residential and commercial uses, 15% for transportation, 33% for industrial applications and 45% for the utility sector. Overall averages are 35% for energy and 13% for exergy utilization. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.