Evidence from the Gediz graben for episodic two-stage extension in western Turkey

Kocyigit A., Yusufoglu H., Bozkurt E.

JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, cilt.156, ss.605-616, 1999 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 156
  • Basım Tarihi: 1999
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1144/gsjgs.156.3.0605
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.605-616


Western Turkey falls within a wide belt of NNE-SSW-directed, active continental extension, generally similar to the Basin and Range Province of the USA It comprises a zone of WNW-ESE-trending major grabens. Derailed study of the Gediz graben reveals two contrasting infills that represent two distinct extensional stages, separated by a short phase of compression. The older infill consists of an 800m thick, folded and exhumed continental sedimentary sequence with intercalated calc-alkaline volcanics. It accumulated in a basin formed in the northern hanging wail of a detachment fault during Miocene-early Pliocene times. The younger infill rests on the older infill with angular unconformity and consists of about 170 m of undeformed, terraced continental sediments and basaltic lavas. It accumulated during Plio-Quaternary times in an asymmetric graben bounded by step-like normal faults. This later extension was probably triggered by the commencement of sea-Boor spreading along the Red Sea in early Pliocene times and has persisted to the present. Almost all the grabens in western Turkey are best explained by this episodic, two-stage graben model with an intervening phase of short-term compression, which differs from the progressive evolution inferred for the Basin and Range Province of the USA.