Thermo-resistant green microalgae for effective biodiesel production: Isolation and characterization of unialgal species from geothermal flora of Central Anatolia

Onay M., Sonmez C., ÖKTEM H. A., YÜCEL A. M.

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, vol.169, pp.62-71, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 169
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.biortech.2014.06.078
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.62-71
  • Keywords: Biodiesel, Microalgae, Thermo-resistant, Geothermal flora, Biodiesel productivity, HYDROTHERMAL LIQUEFACTION, DICTYOSPHAERIUM-MORPHOTYPE, CHLORELLA, TEMPERATURE, SPIRULINA, ALGAE
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Oil content and composition, biomass productivity and adaptability to different growth conditions are important parameters in selecting a suitable microalgal strain for biodiesel production. Here, we describe isolation and characterization of three green microalgal species from geothermal flora of Central Anatolia. All three isolates, namely, Scenedesmus sp. METUNERGY1402 (Scenedesmus sp. ME02), Hindakia tetrachotoma METUNERGY1403 (H. tetrachotoma ME03) and Micractinium sp. METUNERGY1405 (Micractinium sp. ME05) are adaptable to growth at a wide temperature range (25-50 degrees C). Micractinium sp. ME05, particularly has superior properties for biodiesel production. Biomass productivity, lipid content and lipid productivity of this isolate are 0.17 g L (1) d (1), 22.7% and 0.04 g L (1) d (1), respectively. In addition, Micractinium sp. ME05 and Scenedesmus sp. ME03 mainly contain desirable fatty acid methyl esters (i.e. 16:0, 16:1, 18:0 and 18:1) for biodiesel production. All isolates can further be improved via genetic and metabolic engineering strategies. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.