Briquetting of ulexite fines

Ozbayoglu G., Ozdemir Z.

5th UBC-McGill International Symposium on Fundamentals of Mineral Processing held at the 43rd Annual Conference of Metallurgists of CIM, Hamilton, Bermuda, 22 - 25 August 2004, pp.421-428 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Hamilton
  • Country: Bermuda
  • Page Numbers: pp.421-428
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: No


Turkey is the main boron minerals producing country in the world. The most important boron minerals are tincal, colemanite and ulexite. All mining, beneficiation and handling operations generate fines which cause ecological and economical problems. Utilization of this accumulated material requires both upgrading and agglomeration. The aim of this research was to exploit the ulexite fines by improving their grade and size. Attrition-scrubbing followed by washing and screening was employed for upgrading the fines. It was found that the grade can be increased from 23-25% B2O3 to 29% B2O3 with 73% recovery. Briquetting was applied as the size enlargement process. During the briquetting, the effect of moisture content, pressure, amount and type of binder, and dryin g on the quality of briquettes were investigated. The tests showed the possibility of production of strong briquettes by adding water alone, but the briquettes had no resistance to abrasion and water. Binders, namely boric acid and borax have been added to improve the properties of briquettes. The results showed that the compressive strengths and abrasive resistances of briquettes obtained with both binders were acceptable. However, the briquettes have no water resistance properties.