An information theoretic approach to select alternate subsets of predictors for data-driven hydrological models


JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, vol.542, pp.18-34, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 542
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.07.045
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.18-34


This work investigates the uncertainty associated to the presence of multiple subsets of predictors yielding data-driven models with the same, or similar, predictive accuracy. To handle this uncertainty effectively, we introduce a novel input variable selection algorithm, called Wrapper for Quasi Equally Informative Subset Selection (W-QEISS), specifically conceived to identify all alternate subsets of predictors in a given dataset. The search process is based on a four-objective optimization problem that minimizes the number of selected predictors, maximizes the predictive accuracy of a data-driven model and optimizes two information theoretic metrics of relevance and redundancy, which guarantee that the selected subsets are highly informative and with little intra-subset similarity. The algorithm is first tested on two synthetic test problems and then demonstrated on a real-world streamfiow prediction problem in the Yampa River catchment (US). Results show that complex hydro-meteorological datasets are characterized by a large number of alternate subsets of predictors, which provides useful insights on the underlying physical processes. Furthermore, the presence of multiple subsets of predictors and associated models helps find a better trade-off between different measures of predictive accuracy commonly adopted for hydrological modelling problems. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.