Effects of installation on the cyclic axial behaviour of suction buckets in sandy soils


TAŞAN H. E. , Yilmaz S. A.

APPLIED OCEAN RESEARCH, vol.91, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 91
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apor.2019.101905
  • Journal Name: APPLIED OCEAN RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Cyclic axial compressive load, Displacement accumulation, Hypoplasticity, Installation effects, Offshore wind turbine, Pore pressure accumulation, Suction bucket, CAISSON FOUNDATIONS, DYNAMIC BEHAVIOR, OFFSHORE, LOAD, ACCUMULATION, DEFORMATION, FIELD, MODEL
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Suction buckets differ with their easy and cost-efficient installation technique from other foundation types for offshore wind turbines. For successful completion of their installation process, suction is essential, but the imposed seepage leads to the changes in states of the soil in and around the bucket. Especially, a loosening of soil inside the bucket affects the load carrying behaviour of bucket subjected to repetitive loading resulting from environmental conditions. In this study, the behaviour of buckets under cyclic axial compressive loads with considering a possible loosening and related changes in permeability of soil inside the bucket is investigated numerically. In the framework of finite element analysis, a fully coupled two-phase model and a hypoplastic constitutive model are used to describe the saturated sandy soil behaviour under repetitive loading. The porosity-permeability variation is taken into account by Kozeny-Carman relationship. Special attention is dedicated to load carrying behaviour of bucket top plate, inner and outer skirt as well as base and their changes resulting from a loosening of soil inside the bucket with variable aspect ratio. For this purpose, cyclic axial compressive loads which cause an attenuation and progressive failure of soil-bucket system response are considered. The main findings on the changes in load carrying behaviour of bucket are presented and discussed.