Mortars and plasters-How to characterize aerial mortars and plasters


ERGENÇ CABANAS ROD D. , Fort R., Varas-Muriel M. J. , Alvarez de Buergo M.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES, vol.13, no.11, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12520-021-01398-x
  • Title of Journal : ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES
  • Keywords: Aerial lime, Physical-hydric-mechanical properties, Petrographic, Mineralogical, Chemical, Microscopic, Isotopic characterization, Dating techniques, LIME-BASED MORTARS, OPTICALLY STIMULATED LUMINESCENCE, ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE, HISTORICAL MORTARS, ANCIENT MORTARS, PORE STRUCTURE, ARCHAEOMETRIC APPROACH, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, BUILDING ARCHAEOLOGY, ISOTOPIC COMPOSITION

Abstract

Aerial mortars and plasters have been widely used in construction throughout history, and their compatibility with historic mortars and plasters has led to their recent re-adoption. This paper reviews the prominent features of aerial mortars and plasters, their main characteristics and the various characterization methods using both traditional and advanced technology. Several techniques are used in physical, hydric, mechanical, petrographic, mineralogical and chemical characterization. A detailed explanation of microscopic characterization techniques is provided, indicating the information that can be obtained with each. Scientific advances in dating and provenance studies are also described.