The effects of eccentric hamstring training on lower extremity strength and landing kinetics in recreational female athletes


SALCI Y., YILDIRIM A. , Celik O., Ak E., Kocak S., Korkusuz F.

ISOKINETICS AND EXERCISE SCIENCE, cilt.21, ss.11-18, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 21 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3233/ies-2012-0466
  • Dergi Adı: ISOKINETICS AND EXERCISE SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.11-18

Özet

Hamstring training involving eccentric loading is an important protective factor in hamstring injuries. However, the effect of this mode of training on lower extremity loading in landing maneuver performance is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine variations in eccentric hamstring strength after 10-weeks training program and the possible changes in landing kinetics. Twenty five recreational female athletes were voluntarily assigned to the Nordic Hamstraing Strength Training (N = 13) or control groups (N = 12). The training group performed 10-weeks eccentric hamstring strength training program. Baseline measures of landing kinetics were collected using a force plate while strength data was evaluated using an isokinetic dynamometer. Results indicated that NHST group increased their eccentric hamstring strength (pre = 2.34 +/- 0.28, post = 2.57 +/- 0.25 Nm/kgbw; p < 0.05) after training program albeit without changes in the dynamic control ratio. There were also significant decreases in peak anterior-posterior ground reaction force (PAPGRF; pre = 1.14 +/- 0.21 BW, post = 0.85 +/- 0.27 BW; p < 0.05) and peak vertical ground reaction force (PVGRF; pre = 6.27 +/- 1.00 BW, post = 5.34 +/- 1.01 BW; p < 0.05) scores for NHST group. The present study supports the positive effect of eccentric hamstring strength in altering landing kinetics in order to decrease the applied forces.