Aspect ratio dependent air stability of PbSe nanorods and photovoltaic applications


Asil D. , Haciefendioglu T.

Turkish Journal of Chemistry, vol.45, no.3, pp.905-913, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/kim-2012-6
  • Title of Journal : Turkish Journal of Chemistry
  • Page Numbers: pp.905-913
  • Keywords: Lead selenide, PbSe nanorods, PbSe quantum dots, stability, aspect ratio, solar cells, DOT SOLAR-CELLS, MULTIPLE EXCITON GENERATION, QUANTUM DOTS, SHAPE, SIZE, EFFICIENCY

Abstract

© TÜBITAK.Development of unique strategies to overcome Shockley-Queisser (SQ) limit in solar cells has gained a great deal of interest. Multiple exciton generation (MEG) process has been considered as one of the best approaches to the SQ limitation. In this respect, PbSe quantum dots (QDs) and nanorods (NRs) have been regarded as promising solar energy harvesting materials owing to their noticeable MEG yields. Although air stability has been regarded as one of the main disadvantage of PbSe QDs, no study has pointed out to the air sensitivity of PbSe NRs yet. Here, we reveal the effect of aspect ratio on air sensitivity and optical properties of PbSe NRs and discover that NRs with higher aspect ratios are more air stable, attributed to the reduced density of NR ends with air sensitive {100} facets. Fur-thermore, a band offset was created by utilization of tetrabutylammonium iodide and 1,2-ethanedithiol ligands in cell designs. We found that solar cells based on pristine PbSe NRs are limited by low open circuit voltages due to leakage current pathways. On the other hand, modified cells comprising light absorbing layers prepared by blending NRs and QDs and hole transporting QD layer exhibit a 10-fold improvement in solar cell efficiency.