Abnormal Crowd Behavior Detection Using Novel Optical Flow-Based Features

Direkoglu C., Sah M., O'Connor N. E.

14th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Video and Signal Based Surveillance (AVSS), Lecce, Italy, 29 August - 01 September 2017 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Lecce
  • Country: Italy
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this paper, we propose a novel optical flow based features for abnormal crowd behaviour detection. The proposed feature is mainly based on the angle difference computed between the optical flow vectors in the current frame and in the previous frame at each pixel location. The angle difference information is also combined with the optical flow magnitude to produce new, effective and direction invariant event features. A one-class SVM is utilized to learn normal crowd behavior. If a test sample deviates significantly from the normal behavior, it is detected as abnormal crowd behavior. Although there are many optical flow based features for crowd behaviour analysis, this is the first time the angle difference between optical flow vectors in the current frame and in the previous frame is considered as a anomaly feature. Evaluations on UMN and PETS2009 datasets show that the proposed method performs competitive results compared to the state-of-the-art methods.