A Material Perspective on Consequence of Deformation Heating During Stamping of DP Steels

ŞİMŞİR C., Cetin B., EFE M. , Davut K., Bayramin B.

36th IDDRG Conference on Materials Modelling and Testing for Sheet Metal Forming, Munich, Almanya, 2 - 06 Temmuz 2017, cilt.896 identifier identifier


Recent studies showed that, during stamping of high strength steels at industrially relevant production rates, local temperature in the blank may rise up to 200 degrees C - 300 degrees C due to deformation heating. Moreover, die temperature may also rise up to 100 degrees C - 150 degrees C for progressive stamping dies. Based on the common assumption that the blank softens as the temperature increases, thermal softening creates a margin in Forming Limit Diagram (FLD) and therefore the FLD determined at room temperature can safely be used for those cases. In this article, the validity of this assumption on DP590 steel is questioned by high temperature tensile tests (RT - 300 degrees C) at various strain rates (10(-3) s(-1) - 1 s(-1)). The results indicated a decrease both in uniform and total elongation in 200 degrees C - 300 degrees C range together with several other symptoms of Dynamic Strain Aging (DSA) at all strain rates. Concurrent with the DSA, the simulated FLD confirms the lower formability at high temperature and strain rates. Thus, it is concluded FLD determined at RT may not be valid for the investigated steels.