Evidence for Collective Multiparticle Correlations in p-Pb Collisions


Khachatryan V., Sirunyan A. M. , Tumasyan A., Adam W., Bergauer T., Dragicevic M., ...More

PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, vol.115, no.1, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 115 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1103/physrevlett.115.012301
  • Title of Journal : PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS

Abstract

The second-order azimuthal anisotropy Fourier harmonics, nu(2), are obtained in p-Pb and PbPb collisions over a wide pseudorapidity (.) range based on correlations among six or more charged particles. The p-Pb data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35 nb(-1), were collected during the 2013 LHC p-Pb run at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV by the CMS experiment. A sample of semiperipheral PbPb collision data at root S-NN = 2.76 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.5 mu b(-1) and covering a similar range of particle multiplicities as the p-Pb data, is also analyzed for comparison. The six-and eight-particle cumulant and the Lee-Yang zeros methods are used to extract the nu(2) coefficients, extending previous studies of two-and four-particle correlations. For both the p-Pb and PbPb systems, the nu(2) values obtained with correlations among more than four particles are consistent with previously published four-particle results. These data support the interpretation of a collective origin for the previously observed long-range (large..) correlations in both systems. The ratios of nu(2) values corresponding to correlations including different numbers of particles are compared to theoretical predictions that assume a hydrodynamic behavior of a p-Pb system dominated by fluctuations in the positions of participant nucleons. These results provide new insights into the multiparticle dynamics of collision systems with a very small overlapping region.