Covalent immobilization of alpha-amylase onto poly(methyl methacrylate-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) microspheres and the effect of Ca2+ ions on the enzyme activity

Tumturk H., Aksoy S., Hasirci N.

STARCH-STARKE, vol.51, no.6, pp.211-217, 1999 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Journal Name: STARCH-STARKE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.211-217
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


alpha-Amylase was covalently immobilized onto poly(methyl methacry late-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) microspheres, which were activated by using either epichlorohydrin (ECH) or cyanuric chloride (C3N3Cl3). The properties of the immobilized enzyme were investigated and compared with those of the free enzyme. For the assays carried out at 25 degrees C and pH 6.9, the relative activities were found to be 73.0 % and 90.8 % for epichlorohydrin and cyanuric chloride bound enzymes, respectively. Upon immobilization, the maximum activities were obtained at lower pH values and higher temperatures as compared with the free enzyme. Kinetic parameters were calculated as 2.51 g/L, 28.54 g/L and 15.50 g/L for K-m and 1.67 x 10(-3) gL(-1) min(-1), 2.89 x 10(-4)gL(-1) min(-1) and 1.89 x 10(-3) gL(-1) min(-1) for V-max for free, epichlorohydrin and cyanuric chloride bound enzymes, respectively. Enzyme activities were found be ca. 32.7 % for ECH and 41.1 % for C3N3Cl3 activated matrices after storage for one month. On the other hand the free enzyme lost its activity completely within 20 days. Immobilization, storage stability and repeated use capability experiments carried out in the presence of Ca2+ ions demonstrated higher stability in the presence of these ions. The enzymes immobilized in the presence of Ca2+ ions retained 90.6 % and 90.8 % of the original activities even after 30 days in the case of ECH and C3N3Cl3 activations, respectively.