The primary objective of this study was to portray a synthesis of educational research in Turkey as regards pre-service and in-service teachers' beliefs about teaching. For this end, a comprehensive literature search that was confined to the years between 2000 and 2011 was conducted via electronic databases. This search generated thirty-one research articles that were considered relevant for the scope of the present review. Descriptive analysis of the findings in these studies resulted in four main themes to represent research on beliefs about teaching in Turkey. Namely, these were (a) nature of beliefs about teaching, (b) sources of beliefs about teaching, (c) relationship between beliefs about teaching and classroom practices, and (d) change in beliefs about teaching. The findings from the context of Turkey were discussed in the light of international scholarship on beliefs about teaching. It is considered that the results of this review offer remarkable directions for researchers and practitioners in the field of education in Turkey.