Synthesis of FeTi from mixed oxide precursors


Tan S., Oers T., AYDINOL M. K. , ÖZTÜRK T. , KARAKAYA İ.

JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, cilt.475, ss.368-372, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 475
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2008.07.018
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.368-372

Özet

A study was carried out on the synthesis of FeTi intermetallics from mixed oxide precursors using the method of electro-deoxidation. Fe2O3 and TiO2 mixed in molar proportions of 1:2 were sintered at temperatures ranging from 900 degrees C to 1300 degrees C. The sintered pellet of mixed oxides, connected as cathode, was then electrolyzed in a molten CaCl2 at 900 degrees C using a graphite anode at a potential of 3.2 V. The electrolysis yielded the target composition FeTi in substantial amounts only when the sintering temperature was close to or above 1100 degrees C. The process of deoxidation was followed with the use of interrupted experiments. This has shown that the two-phase structure of Fe2TiO5 and TiO2 in the oxide pellet reacts with the molten salt even before the electrolysis forming CaTiO3, transforming the rest into a mixture of ilmenite (FeTiO3) and a spinel phase (Fe2TiO4). During electrolysis these complex oxides were converted into simpler ones. Fe is the first element to be produced followed by the intermetallic Fe2Ti. FeTi evolves quite late in the electrolysis which seemed to have followed the reduction of CaTiO3. It is shown that interrupted experiments and examination of partially reduced pellets yield considerable information with regard to the sequence of changes that occur during the deoxidation process. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.