TOBITAK UZAY has conducted a research study on the use of space-based satellite resources for several aspects of agriculture. Especially, there are two precision agriculture related projects: HASSAS (Widespread application of sustainable precision agriculture practices in Southeastern Anatolia Project Region (GAP) Project) and AKTAR (Smart Agriculture Feasibility Project). The HASSAS project aims to study development of precision agriculture practice in GAP region. Multi-spectral satellite imagery and aerial hyperspectral data along with ground measurements was collected to analyze data in an information system. AKTAR aims to develop models for irrigation, fertilization and spectral signatures of crops in Inner Anatolia. By the end of the project precision agriculture practices to control irrigation, fertilization, pesticide and estimation of crop yield will be developed. Analyzing the phenology of crops using NDVI is critical for the projects. For this reason, absolute radiometric calibration of the Red and NIR bands in space-based satellite sensors is an important issue. The Gokturk-2 satellite is an earth observation satellite which was designed and built in Turkey and was launched in 2012. The Gokturk-2 satellite sensor has a resolution 2.5 meters in panchromatic and 5 meters in R/G/B/NIR bands. The absolute radiometric calibration of the Gokturk-2 satellite sensor was performed via the ground-based measurements spectra-radiometer, sun photometer, and meteorological station- in Tuz Golu cal/val site in 2015. In this paper, the first ground-based absolute radiometric calibration results of the Gokturk-2 satellite sensor using Tuz Golu is demonstrated. The absolute radiometric calibration results of this paper are compared with the published cross-calibration results of the Gokturk-2 satellite sensor utilizing Landsat 8 imagery. According to the experimental comparison results, the Gokturk-2 satellite sensor coefficients for red and NIR bands estimated in this work sustained to agree within 2% of calibration coefficients estimated in the cross-calibration results.