Gender role influences on Turkish adolescents' self-identity

Yildirim A.

ADOLESCENCE, vol.32, no.125, pp.217-231, 1997 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 125
  • Publication Date: 1997
  • Journal Name: ADOLESCENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.217-231
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study investigated gender role influences on Turkish adolescents' self-identity process as part of the International Self-Identity Research Project. A total of 154 male and 119 female adolescents ages 14 through 17 from urban and rural areas of Turkey were surveyed through a questionnaire. The results indicated that ''family'' was the dominant source of belongingness for both males and females, followed by ''friendships'' and ''school.'' Friendships and education were valued more by females than by males. Symbolic items (e.g., relationships, happiness) influenced females' self-identity more than they did males, while males tended to place greater importance on material items (e.g., home, TV, sports equipment). Athletic activities were highly important in males' self-validation process while females were oriented more toward the artistic and creative. General affective attributes (e.g., honesty, respect, thoughtfulness) were similarly valued by males and females as important criteria for self-evaluation. Finally, males were more religious, patriotic, and felt stronger ties to ancestors while females appeared to be more altruistic and placed high importance on social relations.