The Relationships Between Motivations of Intergroup Differentiation as a Function of Different Dimensions of Social Identity


Tasdemir N.

REVIEW OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, cilt.15, ss.125-137, 2011 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 15 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1037/a0022816
  • Dergi Adı: REVIEW OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.125-137

Özet

This article aims to classify social identity-based theories of intergroup differentiation in terms of different dimensions of social identity to understand further the motivational bases of intergroup differentiation. For this purpose, I attempt to incorporate three lines of research in social psychology: (a) theories examining intergroup differentiation as a function of social identity, namely social identity theory and SCT; (b) studies suggesting social identity as a multidimensional construct; and (c) motivational theories of intergroup differentiation, namely subjective uncertainty reduction theory, optimal distinctiveness theory, and self-esteem hypothesis. It is suggested that subjective uncertainty reduction theory explains motivational basis of cognitive dimension, that optimal distinctiveness theory explains motivational basis of emotional dimension, and that self-esteem hypothesis explains motivational basis of evaluative dimension of social identity. Finally, the relationships between motivations of intergroup differentiation as a function of different dimensions of social identity are considered.