Use of Neural Network Based Prediction Algorithms for Powering Up Smart Portable Accessories

Qadir Z., Ever E., Batunlu C.

NEURAL PROCESSING LETTERS, vol.53, no.1, pp.721-756, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11063-020-10397-3
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Applied Science & Technology Source, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Information Science and Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, zbMATH, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.721-756
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Emerging Trends in the use of smart portable accessories, particularly within the context of the Internet of Things (IoT), where smart sensor devices are employed for data gathering, require advancements in energy management mechanisms. This study aims to provide an intelligent energy management mechanism for wearable/portable devices through the use of predictions, monitoring, and analysis of the performance indicators for energy harvesting, majorly focusing on the hybrid PV-wind systems. To design a robust and precise model, prediction algorithms are compared and analysed for an efficient decision support system. Levenberg-Marquardt (LM), Bayesian Regularization (BR), and Scaled Conjugate Gradient (SCG) prediction algorithms are used to develop a Shallow Neural Network (SNN) for time series prediction. The proposed SNN model uses a closed-loop NARX recurrent dynamic neural network to predict the active power and energy of a hybrid system based on the experimental data of solar irradiation, wind speed, wind direction, humidity, precipitation, ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure collected from Jan 1st 2015 to Dec 26th 2015. The historical hourly metrological data set is established using calibrated sensors deployed at Middle East Technical University (METU), NCC. The accessory considered in this study is called as Smart Umbrella System (SUS), which uses a Raspberry Pi module to fetch the weather data from the current location and store it in the cloud to be processed using SNN classified prediction algorithms. The results obtained show that using the SNN model, it is possible to obtain predictions with 0.004 error rate in a computationally efficient way within 20 s. With the experiments, we are able to observe that for the period of observation, the energy harvested is 178 Wh/d, where the system estimates energy as 176.5 Wh/d, powering the portable accessories accurately.