A Nonlinear-Phase Model-Based Human Detector for Radar


Gurbuz S. Z. , Melvin W. L. , Williams D. B.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AEROSPACE AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS, vol.47, no.4, pp.2502-2513, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Title of Journal : IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AEROSPACE AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS
  • Page Numbers: pp.2502-2513

Abstract

Radar offers unique advantages over other sensors for the detection of humans, such as remote operation during virtually all weather and lighting conditions, increased range, and better coverage. Many current radar-based human detection systems employ some type of Fourier analysis, such as Doppler processing. However, in many environments, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of human returns is quite low. Furthermore, Fourier-based techniques assume a linear variation in target phase over the aperture, whereas human targets have a highly nonlinear phase history. The resulting phase mismatch causes significant SNR loss in the detector itself. In this paper, human target modeling is used to derive a more accurate nonlinear approximation to the true target phase history. The likelihood ratio is optimized over unknown model parameters to enhance detection performance. Cramer-Rao bounds on parameter estimates and receiver operating characteristic curves are used to validate analytically the performance of the proposed method and to evaluate simulation results.