Doppler Capable FMCW Cloud Detection Radar

Coskun S., Celik M., YILMAZ A. Ö. , Koc S.

Conference on Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XX, Toulouse, France, 23 - 24 September 2015, vol.9640 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 9640
  • Doi Number: 10.1117/12.2194515
  • City: Toulouse
  • Country: France


This study which was conducted as a Master's thesis, is a radar system working at X band. In this system, a 0.8 Watts continuous electromagnetic wave which is modulated with a frequency ramp of 30 MHz bandwidth is generated and radiated through transmit antenna. The scattered signal from the hydrometeors is multiplied with the transmitted one and the beat signal is obtained. By this deramping process the range information of the target is converted into frequency domain. Data is processed in Matlab after passing through analog to digital converters. The range and velocity information is obtained with signal processing algorithms in fast and slow time. Some special techniques such as clipping, windowing, coherent data integration, and slow time signal processing are performed to the captured beat signal. Verification of the system is performed by buildings and cars whose range and velocities are known. The range of cloud and the speed of wind are estimated by processing the return signal in fast and slow time.