Sustainability assessment of electricity generation technologies: a transition pathway for Pakistan

Rizvi S. M. A. H., Bastas A., Liyanage K.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, vol.41, no.9, pp.1215-1236, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14786451.2022.2039141
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1215-1236
  • Keywords: Sustainability assessment, sustainable electricity generation, sustainable energy sources, sustainable development, energy transition, MULTICRITERIA DECISION-ANALYSIS, RENEWABLE ENERGY-SOURCES, NATURAL-GAS, POWER-GENERATION, EMISSION REDUCTION, HIERARCHY PROCESS, PUBLIC-ATTITUDES, WIND POWER, ISO 14001, INDICATORS
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Sustainable electricity generation is at the pole position for global sustainable development. The purpose of this research is to develop a systematic framework for assessing sustainability of different electricity generation technologies, and present its application on Pakistan, which is a region with research gaps. Hydro and oil with a sustainability impact score of 0.59 and 0.39, respectively, were identified as the top and bottom sustainability performers. Gas, solar PV, wind, and coal scored 0.54, 0.52, 0.52, and 0.42, respectively. Gas is suggested as a bridging fuel for transition to a 100% renewable energy scenario by 2050. Contributions include formulation of a holistic electric generation sustainability assessment approach, and a sustainable transition pathway for Pakistan region to guide future policy making.