Trait Reappraisal Predicts Affective Reactivity to Daily Positive and Negative Events

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FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, vol.7, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01000
  • Title of Journal : FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
  • Keywords: reappraisal, affective reactivity, daily diary designs, emotion regulation, daily life, neuroticism, EMOTION REGULATION, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, COGNITIVE REAPPRAISAL, DAILY STRESSORS, DAILY-LIFE, HEALTH, PERSONALITY, EXPERIENCES, ADULTHOOD, EXPRESSION


Past research on emotion regulation has provided evidence that cognitive reappraisal predicts reactivity to affective stimuli and challenge tests in laboratory settings. However, little is known about how trait reappraisal might contribute to affective reactivity to everyday positive and negative events. Using a large, life-span sample of adults (N = 1755), the present study addressed this important gap in the literature. Respondents completed a measure of trait reappraisal and reported on their daily experiences of positive and negative events and positive and negative affect for eight consecutive days. Results showed that trait reappraisal predicted lower increases in negative affect in response to daily negative events and lower increases in positive affect in response to daily positive events. These findings advance our understanding of the role of reappraisal in emotion regulation by showing how individual differences in the use of this strategy relate to emotional reactions to both positive and negative events outside the laboratory.