Hunting black color via absorption engineering: EDOT and thiophene-benzothiadiazole based black-to-transmissive copolymer and its electrochromic device application

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Ergün E. G. C., Akbayrak M.

POLYMER, vol.264, pp.125565, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 264
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.polymer.2022.125565
  • Journal Name: POLYMER
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.125565
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Neutral state black electrochromics are prominent materials for smart applications such as displays, car rear views, e-papers etc. This work has aimed to obtain a neutral state black electrochromic polymer, by tuning the optical absorbance to whole visible region. Two monomers, 4,7-bis(5-(thiophen-2-yl)thiophen-2-yl)benzo[c] [1,2,5]thiadiazole (TTBTT) and 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT), were selected according to their complementary absorbance behaviors, and they were combined in the same polymer backbone via electrochemical copolymerization technique. Copolymerization was performed using three different monomer feed ratios (2:1, 1:1 and 1:2 (EDOT: TTBTT)). Even though all the copolymers exhibited dark to transmissive colors from neutral to oxidized states, changing the monomer feed resulted in different optical contrast, switching response and color hues for each copolymer. The higher optical contrast (from 17% to 27%) and faster switching response (from 3.6 s to 1.8 s) were recorded as EDOT unit increase in the copolymer chain. A dual type electrochromic device was also constructed using the copolymer and the resulting device was successfully changed its color from black to transmissive.