Dry reforming of methane over CeO2 supported Ni, Co and Ni-Co catalysts


Ay H., ÜNER D.

APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL, vol.179, pp.128-138, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 179
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2015.05.013
  • Title of Journal : APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.128-138
  • Keywords: Dry reforming of methane, Ni, Co, Ni-Co, Ceria supported, Calcination temperature, NICKEL BIMETALLIC CATALYSTS, SYNTHESIS GAS-PRODUCTION, CARBON-DIOXIDE, THERMOGRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS, CO-NI/AL2O3 CATALYST, REDUCTION PROPERTIES, RH/CEO2 CATALYSTS, DEFECT SITES, NOBLE-METALS, CERIA

Abstract

Ceria supported Ni, Co monometallic and Ni-Co bimetallic catalysts were prepared by incipient wetness impregnation method, calcined at two different temperatures (700 degrees C and 900 degrees C) and tested for dry reforming of methane reaction at 700 degrees C. The activities of ceria-based Ni containing catalysts decreased with increasing calcination temperature accompanied by a decrease in coke deposition. While Ni/CeO2 and Ni-Co/CeO2 catalysts exhibited comparable high activities, Co/CeO2 catalysts exhibited very low activity. The lower activity of Co/CeO2 catalyst was attributed to strong metal support interaction (SMSI). The SMSI effect was confirmed with TEM images showing a layer of support coating the metal particles. The diversity of the deposited carbon structures in terms morphology (straight long filaments, highly entangled and curly shaped filaments, filaments with knuckle-like structure and carbon onions) was noted. In addition to the carbon buildup, the deactivation was observed to be due to the loss of active metals in the carbon filaments. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.