An Experimental Study of the Sample Complexity of Domain Adaptation Alan Uyarlamada Örnek Karmaşikliǧinin Deneysel Incelemesi

Karaca H., Akgül Ö., Arslan Ö. F., Aydemir A. C., Aydin F. S., Ünsal E. A., ...More

31st IEEE Conference on Signal Processing and Communications Applications, SIU 2023, İstanbul, Turkey, 5 - 08 July 2023 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/siu59756.2023.10223790
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Keywords: deep neural networks, Domain adaptation, MMD distance, sample complexity, target accuracy
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, we experimentally investigate the sample complexity of semi supervised domain adaptation with deep neural networks. Sweeping the hyper-parameters of domain adaptation neural networks relying on the MMD distance measure and the number of training samples in a controlled manner, we study the test accuracy of the target samples. Both labeled and unlabeled samples from the source and the target domains are used as inputs to the neural network in the experiments. Our experimental findings suggest that the minimum number of samples required for guaranteeing a fixed experimental target accuracy level increases quadratically with both the number and the dimension of the MMD layers in the network used for aligning the source and the target domains. We observe that this relationship is in harmony with some well-known theoretical bounds in the classical deep learning literature. Meanwhile, we also investigate the optimal weighting strategy between the classification loss functions of the source and the target samples, concluding that increasing the weight of the target loss improves the performance as the number of target samples increases.