Use of poly(methyl methacrylate) in radioactive waste management: I. Radiation stability and degradation

Ozdemir T., Usanmaz A.

PROGRESS IN NUCLEAR ENERGY, vol.51, no.2, pp.240-245, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pnucene.2008.04.004
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.240-245
  • Keywords: Gamma, Irradiation, Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), Degradation, Polymer, Radioactive, Waste, GAMMA-IRRADIATION, WATER-ABSORPTION, NUCLEAR WASTES, CONFINEMENT, BEHAVIOR, RESIN
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, in order to understand the possible use of PMMA in radioactive waste management as a solidifying agent, radiation stability of the PMMA was studied by gamma irradiations at two different dose rates of 1485 and 82.8 Gy/h. The total dose of irradiation was up to 523 kGy. Degradation nature was tested by studying the changes in mechanical and thermal properties with rate and total dose of irradiation. Ultimate tensile strength and toughness first increased and then decreased with total irradiation dose. Half value dose (HVD) for elongation was 148 kGy and it was 178 kGy for tensile strength at the dose rate of 1485 Gy/h. Half value dose was found from the extrapolation of experimental data as 228 kGy for elongation and 205 kGy for tensile strength at the dose rate of 82.8 Gy/h. The FTIR spectral analysis showed depolymerization degradation of polymer with irradiation. It was concluded from experimental results that PMMA can be used for embedding radioactive wastes. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.