Formation of Pyrene Excimers in Mesoporous Ormosil Thin Films for Visual Detection of Nitro-explosives

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Beyazkilic P., Yildirim A., Bayindir M.

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, vol.6, no.7, pp.4997-5004, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/am406035v
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.4997-5004
  • Keywords: pyrene, excimer emission, porous thin film, organically modified silica, nitro-explosive detection, POLYMER, SILICA, FLUORESCENCE, SENSITIVITY, SENSORS, PROBES, OXYGEN, CHEMOSENSORS, ENVIRONMENT, DYNAMICS
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: No


We report the preparation of mesoporous thin films with bright pyrene excimer emission and their application in visual and rapid detection of nitroaromatic explosive vapors. The fluorescent films were produced by physically encapsulating pyrene molecules in the organically modified silica (ormosil) networks which were prepared via a facile template-free sol-gel method. Formation and stability of pyrene excimer emission were investigated in both porous and nonporous ormosil thin films. Excimer emission was significantly brighter and excimer formation ability was more stable in porous films compared to nonporous films. Rapid and selective quenching was observed in the excimer emission against vapors of nitroaromatic molecules; trinitrotoluene (TNT), dinitrotoluene (DNT), and nitrobenzene (NB). Fluorescence quenching of the films can be easily observed under UV light, enabling the naked-eye detection of nitro-explosives. Furthermore, excimer emission signal can be recovered after quenching and the films can be reused at least five times.