Nudging Cities Towards Renewable Energy for Sustainability, The case of Istanbul

Gürsoy Haksevenler B. H., Erden Topal Y., Şenoğlu G.

in: SDG 11, Sustainable Cities and Communities Moving Forward with the Circular Economy, Shyama V. Ramani,Hiroshan Hettiarachchi, Editor, Routledge India, London, London, pp.135-152, 2022

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Publisher: Routledge India, London
  • City: London
  • Page Numbers: pp.135-152
  • Editors: Shyama V. Ramani,Hiroshan Hettiarachchi, Editor
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Attainment of SDG 11 targets will depend crucially on the realisation of other SDGs, especially SDG 7, which is to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all. Turkey is highly dependent on imported fossil fuels, a leading cause of the worldwide ecological crisis while having a significant renewable energy potential. Thus, this chapter aims to develop arguments that could feed into policy proposals to increase the share of renewable energy use in Istanbul, Turkey, towards the attainment of SDG 11 targets. For this purpose, face-to-face interviews were conducted with local governments and private sector representatives, and secondary sources were used. Results indicate that although Istanbul has a strong wind and solar energy potential, these sources are not used efficiently due to dependence on fossil fuels, lack of local renewable energy plans and insufficient geographic area in the city. Energy generation from waste, rooftop solar-energy systems and micro-wind energy systems are also appropriate for Istanbul. The facilitators are the risk tolerance of companies, improvement of the incentive mechanisms and domestic production. On the other hand, financial problems, uncertain/unclear regulations, bureaucratic difficulties and lack of networks and infrastructure emerged as the main obstacles