This study conducted a holistic assessment on the traditional building culture of the Eastern Black Sea region by investigating the construction techniques, materials, and methods among building masters. For this purpose, by examining regional building construction techniques and the data from the literature research, traditional architecture was investigated in terms of both its tangible and intangible values. Additional data was obtained from a series of interviews with the builders, architectural drawings, and two documentaries: a 1986 documentary by Suha Arin titled Sisler Kovulunca, which focused on Eastern Black Sea traditional houses and a sample of building masters; and a 2005 documentary by the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation called Derin Kokler, which focused on traditional buildings of the Eastern Black Sea region. All the data was then evaluated in order to document the tangible and intangible values of the construction processes of the builders, thus revealing their practices and rules related to such work. Moreover, three-dimensional drawings related to the construction process of the Eastern Black Sea traditional architecture were prepared to highlight the implementation of the different techniques by the building masters, both on the building scale and the application details.