In this paper, the thermoluminescence (TL) dosimetric characteristics of Al-doped LiB3O5 compounds are presented. The powder samples were prepared by the solid-state reaction method and the formation of the compounds were confirmed by an X-ray diffraction study. The TL studies of undoped and Al-doped LiB3O5 samples showed similar glow curve structures. They have three TL glow peaks at about 60, 130 and 200 degrees C after heating at a constant heating rate of 1 degrees C/s. Their comparative TL studies indicated that 5 wt% Al-doped LiB3O5 compound was approximately 240 times more sensitive than undoped compound. The TL emission spectra of Al-doped LiB3O5 showed a maximum band at around 520 nm. The main dosimetric characteristics, which are namely the TL dose response, TL sensitivity, fading, minimum detectable dose, reproducibility, precision of dose measurement and annealing procedure, indicated that Al-doped LiB3O5 sample, can be used in dosimetric applications. The trap parameters namely order of kinetics (b), activation energy (E) and frequency factor (s) associated with the glow peaks in beta irradiated undoped and Al-doped LiB3O5 samples were obtained by glow curve deconvolution (GCD) program. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.