The Italian school of typo-morphology reformulates the definition of architectural type in such a way that it refers to a set of quantitatively dominant buildings with common formal characteristics as a result of certain factors effective in particular geography and in particular period. Due to their physical dominance in the urban context, in-depth analysis of architectural types is crucial to have a better understanding of any city.
This study is concerned with the transformation process of the planned capital city Ankara from a garden city with its garden-houses to a city of apartment blocks from the 1930s towards the 1970s. It aims to investigate the underlying factors effective in the formation and transformation of a neighborhood with garden-houses into an urban fabric of apartment block types through the case of Güven Housing Cooperative. The cooperative project, the first collective housing project completed by a private enterprise in Turkey, provides a good case to investigate the typo- morphological transformation process with its predominantly residential character.
Keywords: garden-house, apartment block, Ankara, typology, typomorphology