Transformation of architectural types: from garden-house to apartment block, the case of Güven Housing Cooperative in Ankara, Turkey


Parlak Temizel N. S. , Bilsel F. C.

Cities in the 21st Century - The International Seminar on Urban Form, Utah, United States Of America, 31 August - 26 September 2020, pp.1-11

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.26051/0d-aqj2-553y
  • City: Utah
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-11

Abstract

The Italian school of typo-morphology reformulates the definition of architectural type in such a way that it refers to a set of quantitatively dominant buildings with common formal characteristics as a result of certain factors effective in particular geography and in particular period. Due to their physical dominance in the urban context, in-depth analysis of architectural types is crucial to have a better understanding of any city.

This study is concerned with the transformation process of the planned capital city Ankara from a garden city with its garden-houses to a city of apartment blocks from the 1930s towards the 1970s. It aims to investigate the underlying factors effective in the formation and transformation of a neighborhood with garden-houses into an urban fabric of apartment block types through the case of Güven Housing Cooperative. The cooperative project, the first collective housing project completed by a private enterprise in Turkey, provides a good case to investigate the typo- morphological transformation process with its predominantly residential character.

Keywords: garden-house, apartment block, Ankara, typology, typomorphology