SIAM JOURNAL ON NUMERICAL ANALYSIS, cilt.50, ss.2136-2158, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Within the class of nonlinear hyperbolic balance laws posed on a curved spacetime (endowed with a volume form), we identify a hyperbolic balance law that enjoys the same Lorentz invariance property as the one satisfied by the Euler equations of relativistic compressible fluids. This model is unique up to normalization and converges to the standard inviscid Burgers equation in the limit of infinite light speed. Furthermore, from the Euler system of relativistic compressible flows on a curved background, we derive both the standard inviscid Burgers equation and our relativistic generalizations. The proposed models are referred to as relativistic Burgers equations on curved spacetimes and provide us with simple models on which numerical methods can be developed and analyzed. Next, we introduce a finite volume scheme for the approximation of discontinuous solutions to these relativistic Burgers equations. Our scheme is formulated geometrically and is consistent with the natural divergence form of the balance laws under consideration. It applies to weak solutions containing shock waves and, most importantly, is well balanced in the sense that it preserves static equilibrium solutions. Numerical experiments are presented which demonstrate the convergence of the proposed finite volume scheme and its relevance for computing entropy solutions on a curved background.