Seismic Risk Assessment of Masonry Buildings in Istanbul for Effective Risk Mitigation

Erberik M. A.

EARTHQUAKE SPECTRA, vol.26, no.4, pp.967-982, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1193/1.3464344
  • Title of Journal : EARTHQUAKE SPECTRA
  • Page Numbers: pp.967-982


Unreinforced and non-engineered masonry buildings are highly vulnerable to seismic hazard and constitute a significant percentage of earthquake losses, including both casualties and economic losses. This study presents an engineering application on seismic safety assessment of unreinforced masonry (URM) buildings in Istanbul, Turkey, a metropolitan city under very high seismic risk. Nearly 20,000 masonry buildings were examined through a two-stage assessment procedure in order to identify the addresses of those buildings which are under high seismic risk. Furthermore, the obtained database can be employed in the preparation of an earthquake mitigation strategy for the expected major earthquake in Istanbul. In the first-stage evaluation, buildings are examined visually from the street by considering their basic structural parameters and they are ranked within a priority list in terms of the calculated seismic risk. Next, the buildings identified with higher risk are evaluated in the second stage by using a more detailed procedure. The developed procedure is both an optimal and a practical tool in the seismic risk assessment of large masonry building stocks in a short period of time with limited resources. [DOI: 10.1193/1.3464344]