Microstructural and texture evolution during thermo-hydrogen processing of Ti6Al4V alloys produced by electron beam melting

Dogu M. N. , Esen Z., Davut K., Tan E., Gumus B., Dericioğlu A. F.

MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION, vol.168, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 168
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.matchar.2020.110549
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Titanium alloys, Additive manufacturing, Electron beam melting, Thermo-hydrogen processing, Microstructure, Crystallographic texture, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, TI-6AL-4V ALLOY, TITANIUM HYDRIDE, MANUFACTURED TI-6AL-4V, FUNCTIONAL-RESPONSE, FATIGUE PROPERTIES, VARIANT SELECTION, ALPHA TEXTURE, BEHAVIOR, EBM


The present study was conducted to reveal the effects of building angles and post heat-treatments (2-step Thermo-Hydrogen Processing (THP) and conventional annealing treatment) on the density, microstructure and texture of Ti6Al4V alloy parts produced by Electron Beam Melting (EBM). The results showed that regardless of the building angle; the density, microstructure and crystallographic texture (defined with respect to building angle) of the as-produced samples were identical; having Widmanstatten a structure and columnar beta-grains which are parallel to building direction. The main texture component for the alpha phase was (10 (1) over bar0)//building direction, and for beta phase (001)//building or heat flow direction. The first step of THP, namely, the hydrogenation step, produced a needle-like microstructure and increased the local misorientations due to lattice distortion. On the other hand, after application of the second step of THP, dehydrogenation step, microstructure was refined, particularly alpha-grains that were larger than 10 mu m and located at grain boundaries. Moreover, THP randomized the crystallographic texture since it involves beta to alpha phase transformation, at which one beta-grain can produce 12 distinct alpha-variants. The grain boundary misorientation distributions also changed in accordance with the microstructural changes during the 2-step THP. On the other hand, annealing coarsened the grain boundary and Widmanstatten alpha phases; moreover, it changed the texture so that the basal planes (0001) rotated 30 degrees around the building direction.