War as A Gendered Phenomenon: Women’s Experience of War in Diyarbakır, Turkey

Bekiroğlu S.

Presentation, pp.1073-1703, 2021

  • Publication Type: Other Publication / Presentation
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Page Numbers: pp.1073-1703


This study aims to examine the gendered feature of war by focusing on a field study conducted in Diyarbakır, 2019. After the security operations and armed conflict between the Turkish army and PKK (Kurdistan Workers’ Party), the Southeastern part of Turkey, including Diyarbakır, became the venue of organized violence named “ditches war.” The war in Diyarbakır resulted in the destruction of the city, especially the Suriçi settlement, and many deaths in the region. Throughout the times of organized violence, women had a unique and ambivalent role in the context of war. They had many different identities like fighters, mothers, daughters, officials, and both the subjects and victims of the war. Using the interviews with women conducted in Suriçi in September 2019, this study set out to investigate the relationship between gender and war through women's experiences. As Laura Sjoberg puts it, “it is only possible to fully understand gender in the context of war and conflict, and it is only possible to fully understand war and conflict considering their gendered aspects (2014: 3-4). Thus, this study should be seen as a continuation of war as a gendered experience.