From Teachers' Work Engagement to Pupils' Positive Affect: a Weekly Diary Study on the Role of Pupils' Autonomous Motivation


Vujcic M. T., Garcia-Garzon E., GÖNÜL B., Gioaba I.

APPLIED RESEARCH IN QUALITY OF LIFE, vol.17, no.2, pp.613-633, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11482-021-09920-y
  • Journal Name: APPLIED RESEARCH IN QUALITY OF LIFE
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, IBZ Online, Index Islamicus, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.613-633
  • Keywords: Pupils&#8217, positive affect in school, Autonomous motivation, Teachers&#8217, work engagement, Weekly diary study, Emotional contagion, SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY, DETERMINATION THEORY PERSPECTIVE, STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS, PREDICT BURNOUT, JOB DEMANDS, WELL, RESOURCES, CLASSROOM, PERFORMANCE, SCHOOL
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The main purpose of the present study was to investigate whether there is a crossover effect from teacher's general (trait-level) work engagement to their pupils' weekly positive affect in school and to examine whether pupils' weekly autonomous motivation for school functions as an underlying mechanism that may explain this crossover effect. Building upon the self-determination theory and the emotion contagion theory, we argue that teachers' general work engagement can be a strong resource for pupils, which can foster their psychological investment and interest in school-related activities, skills, and tasks (i.e. autonomous motivation), and, in turn, their positive affect. To test our hypotheses, we employed a weekly diary methodology by following 50 teachers and their 916 pupils in six different countries for three consecutive work weeks, which yielded 2735 reports from pupils and their teachers. The results of multilevel modeling provided support for the shypothesised research model. When teachers were generally more engaged in their work, their pupils reported more weekly positive affect in school, and this positive crossover effect was mediated by pupils' weekly autonomous motivation for school. These findings extend current literature by revealing the potential underlying mechanism that can explain how teachers' work engagement transmits to pupils' positive affect in school.