In this paper, we propose a Cognitive Caching approach for the Future Fog (CCFF) that takes into consideration the value of the exchanged data in Information Centric Sensor Networks (ICSNs). Our approach depends on four functional parameters in ICSNs. These four main parameters are: age of the data, popularity of on-demand requests, delay to receive the requested information and data fidelity. These parameters are considered together to assign a value to the cached data while retaining the most valuable one in the cache for prolonged time periods. This CCFF approach provides significant availability for most valuable and difficult to retrieve data in the ICSNs. Extensive simulations and case studies have been examined in this research in order to compare to other dominant cache management frameworks in the literature under varying circumstances such as data popularity, cache size, data publisher load, and node connectivity degree. Formal fidelity and trust analysis has been applied as well to emphasize the effectiveness of CCFF in Fog paradigms, where edge devices can retrieve unsecured data from the authorized nodes in the cloud. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.