Genetic variability among Turkish pop, flint and dent corn (Zea mays L. spp. Mays) races: Enzyme polymorphism

Ilarslan R., Kaya Z., Tolun A., Bretting P.

EUPHYTICA, vol.122, no.1, pp.171-179, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 122 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1023/a:1012698332166
  • Journal Name: EUPHYTICA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.171-179
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


To determine magnitude and pattern of genetic variation, 32 Turkish corn accessions available from the USDA/ARS North Central T-Regional Plant Introduction Station (NCRPIS) collections (Ames, Iowa), representing pop, flint and dent corn races, different climatic, geographic and topographic areas in Turkey, were identified and, 19 isozyme systems were studied. Thirty-nine alleles were detected by 19 isozyme loci in 32 accessions. The PGD-2, Mmm-1, GOT-3 and IDH-1 loci were found to be monomorphic in all accessions. Mean number of alleles per locus varied between 1.2 in Balikesir-167949 accession to 1.7 in Ankara-177600, Trabzon-185062, Eskisehir-204822 and Samsun-239573 accessions. The proportion of polymorphic loci ranged from as low as 15.8% in Balikesir-167949 to as high as 57.9% in Trabzon-185049 accession. Observed heterozygosity was the highest in Adana-183779 and the lowest in Ankara-204800 accession. Genetic identities ranged from 0.823 for 170881-Kocaeli and 167949-Balikesir pair to 0.997 for 182327-Igdir and 168008-Kirklareli pair. Dendrogram constructed by using Nei's genetic distances (1978) revealed three clustering groups, though one of the clusters included only 170881-Kocaeli accession. It is concluded that 170881-Kocaeli accession must have experienced with intensive selection, inbreeding and/or bottleneck effects in the past. Corn germplasm managers and breeders could use the results of the present studies for monitoring genetic resources, accession identification, and sampling genetic diversity, but agronomic characteristics of these corn accessions are also needed for a better utlization of Turkish corn landraces evolved over the years.