Challenges in Managing Water Crisis and Regulatory Instruments: A Case Study of South Asian and Middle Eastern Countries


Baig M. M. A. B., Akintug B.

5th International Conference on Natural Resources and Sustainable Environmental Management, Nicosia, CYPRUS, 01 November 2021, pp.164-172 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-031-04375-8_19
  • City: Nicosia
  • Country: CYPRUS
  • Page Numbers: pp.164-172
  • Keywords: Sustainability, Policy development, Water crisis, Water treatment technologies, Water economics
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The water crisis is now a global issue and is growing parallelly with the increasing population, urbanization, and industrial progress. Those increases in the water-stressed regions are hampering the economic prospects of the nations. Along with the water scarcity, lack of hygiene, poor sanitation, and water pollution is already hindering the developments of the countries. The most afflicted ones are the developing countries which are at greater risk due to their sizeable population, inadequate infrastructure, and impoverished policies. Accompanying the developing countries many developed nations which are naturally water deficit are also struggling to manage the water crisis. The escalating effects of climate change may disturb the water demand and supply. By extensively reviewing various literature, this paper will assess the current situation of water scarcity and policies of both developed and developing countries from South Asian and Middle Eastern parts of the world, alongside reviewing their policies towards managing the water crisis. The outcome of the research paper is inclusion of lacking provisions which can further strengthen the existing regulatory framework in a way that doesn't affect economic growth meanwhile improving water sustainability.